Компьютер с Ubuntu решает простые задачи - аналогичный компьютер с Windows легко справляется с такими же задачами

Мой домашний компьютер работает под управлением Ubuntu 18.04. У меня такой же сконфигурированный рабочий компьютер под управлением Windows 10. Оба компьютера принадлежат Dell примерно четырехлетнего возраста. На моем компьютере с Ubuntu - когда я посещаю некоторые веб-сайты, просматриваю Google Планета Земля, обрабатываю данные - жесткий диск начинает дико вращаться, и вентилятор начинает работать, как будто компьютер борется. Я заметил, что на моем компьютере с Windows нет таких же проблем при выполнении тех же задач. Вентилятор никогда не включается при посещении веб-сайтов, только когда я обрабатываю множество файлов изображений.

Я удостоверился, что компоненты моего компьютера Ubuntu не содержат пыли, а вентиляционные отверстия не заблокированы.

Почему мой Ubuntu компьютер, кажется, так сильно борется с простыми задачами?

Вот статистика для компьютера с Windows 10.

enter image description here

А вот компьютер Ubuntu ...

        H/W path               Device      Class          Description
=============================================================
system         XPS 8920 (07DC)
/0  bus            0VHXCD
/0/0                               memory         64KiB BIOS
/0/27                              memory         32GiB System Memory
/0/27/0                            memory         8GiB DIMM DDR4 Synchronous Unbuffered 
(Unregiste
/0/27/1                            memory         8GiB DIMM DDR4 Synchronous Unbuffered (Unregiste
/0/27/2                            memory         8GiB DIMM DDR4 Synchronous Unbuffered (Unregiste
/0/27/3                            memory         8GiB DIMM DDR4 Synchronous Unbuffered (Unregiste
/0/2d                              memory         256KiB L1 cache
/0/2e                              memory         1MiB L2 cache
/0/2f                              memory         8MiB L3 cache
/0/30                              processor      Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-7700 CPU @ 3.60GHz
/0/100                             bridge         Xeon E3-1200 v6/7th Gen Core Processor Host Brid
/0/100/1                           bridge         Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processo
/0/100/1/0                         display        GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB]
/0/100/1/0.1                       multimedia     GP106 High Definition Audio Controller
/0/100/2                           display        HD Graphics 630
/0/100/14                          bus            200 Series/Z370 Chipset Family USB 3.0 xHCI Cont
/0/100/14/0            usb1        bus            xHCI Host Controller
/0/100/14/0/1          scsi5       storage        Flash Card Reader/Writer
/0/100/14/0/1/0.0.0    /dev/sdb    disk           Card  Reader
/0/100/14/0/1/0.0.0/0  /dev/sdb    disk           
/0/100/14/0/5                      input          PS/2+USB Mouse
/0/100/14/0/8                      communication  Bluetooth wireless interface
/0/100/14/0/c                      printer        Officejet 5740 series
/0/100/14/0/e                      input          Dell KB216 Wired Keyboard
/0/100/14/1            usb2        bus            xHCI Host Controller
/0/100/15                          generic        200 Series PCH Serial IO I2C Controller #0
/0/100/15.1                        generic        200 Series PCH Serial IO I2C Controller #1
/0/100/16                          communication  200 Series PCH CSME HECI #1
/0/100/17                          storage        200 Series PCH SATA controller [AHCI mode]
/0/100/1c                          bridge         200 Series PCH PCI Express Root Port #2
/0/100/1c/0                        bus            ASM1142 USB 3.1 Host Controller
/0/100/1c/0/0          usb3        bus            xHCI Host Controller
/0/100/1c/0/1          usb4        bus            xHCI Host Controller
/0/100/1c.2                        bridge         200 Series PCH PCI Express Root Port #3
/0/100/1c.2/0          wlp3s0      network        Wireless 3165
/0/100/1c.3                        bridge         200 Series PCH PCI Express Root Port #4
/0/100/1c.3/0          enp4s0      network        QCA8171 Gigabit Ethernet
/0/100/1d                          bridge         200 Series PCH PCI Express Root Port #9
/0/100/1d/0                        storage        XG4 NVMe SSD Controller
/0/100/1e                          generic        200 Series/Z370 Chipset Family Serial IO UART Co
/0/100/1f                          bridge         200 Series PCH LPC Controller (Z270)
/0/100/1f.2                        memory         Memory controller
/0/100/1f.3                        multimedia     200 Series PCH HD Audio
/0/100/1f.4                        bus            200 Series/Z370 Chipset Family SMBus Controller
/0/1                   scsi1       storage        
/0/1/0.0.0             /dev/sda    disk           2TB ST32000644NS
/0/1/0.0.0/1           /dev/sda1   volume         127MiB reserved partition
/0/1/0.0.0/2           /dev/sda2   volume         1862GiB EXT4 volume
/0/2                   scsi2       storage        
/0/2/0.0.0             /dev/cdrom  disk           DVD+-RW GU90N
/0/2/0.0.0/0           /dev/cdrom  disk           
/0/3                   scsi6       storage        
/0/3/0.0.0             /dev/sdc    disk           Officejet 5740 s
/0/3/0.0.0/0           /dev/sdc    disk   


01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] (rev a1)

Вот вывод графической карты ...

ubuntu-drivers devices
== /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:01:00.0 ==
modalias : pci:v000010DEd00001C03sv00001462sd00008C94bc03sc00i00
vendor   : NVIDIA Corporation
model    : GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB]
driver   : nvidia-driver-418-server - distro non-free
driver   : nvidia-driver-390 - distro non-free
driver   : nvidia-driver-450 - distro non-free
driver   : nvidia-driver-455 - distro non-free recommended
driver   : nvidia-driver-450-server - distro non-free
driver   : nvidia-driver-440-server - distro non-free
driver   : xserver-xorg-video-nouveau - distro free builtin

== /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1c.2/0000:03:00.0 ==
modalias : pci:v00008086d00003165sv00008086sd00004410bc02sc80i00
vendor   : Intel Corporation
model    : Wireless 3165
manual_install: True
driver   : backport-iwlwifi-dkms - distro free

Вот результат работы $ free enter image description here

А это от $ top enter image description here

А вот пример вывода из / var / log / syslog

Dec  5 09:47:48 gerry pcmanfm[2256]: x-terminal-emulator has very limited support, consider choose another terminal

Dec  5 09:47:51 gerry kernel: [75656.732362] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:47:51 gerry kernel: [75656.732381] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:47:51 gerry kernel: [75656.732390] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:47:51 gerry kernel: [75656.732452] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75662.728801] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75662.728816] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75662.728823] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75662.728828] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75663.219021] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75663.219035] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75663.219042] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:47:57 gerry kernel: [75663.219047] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.468657] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.468671] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.468679] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.468684] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.730175] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.730190] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.730197] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:48:03 gerry kernel: [75668.730201] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:48:09 gerry kernel: [75674.728631] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:48:09 gerry kernel: [75674.728641] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:48:09 gerry kernel: [75674.728645] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:48:09 gerry kernel: [75674.728648] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 

Dec  5 09:48:13 gerry kernel: [75678.968692] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: Corrected error received: 0000:00:1c.2

Dec  5 09:48:13 gerry kernel: [75678.968706] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER: PCIe Bus Error: severity=Corrected, type=Physical Layer, (Receiver ID)

Dec  5 09:48:13 gerry kernel: [75678.968713] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:   device [8086:a292] error status/mask=00000001/00002000

Dec  5 09:48:13 gerry kernel: [75678.968718] pcieport 0000:00:1c.2: AER:    [ 0] RxErr                 


Dec  5 09:48:14 gerry pcmanfm.desktop[2256]: gedit 'file:///var/log/syslog'

Вот вывод lspci -tv enter image description here

Вот некоторые из последних строк из / var / log / syslog

Dec  5 11:46:16 gerry dbus-daemon[1050]: [system] Successfully activated service 'org.freedesktop.hostname1'
Dec  5 11:46:16 gerry systemd[1]: Starting Hostname Service...
Dec  5 11:46:16 gerry systemd[1]: Started Hostname Service.
Dec  5 11:50:08 gerry dbus-daemon[6338]: [session uid=1000 pid=6338] Activating via systemd: service name='org.gnome.Terminal' unit='gnome-terminal-server.service' requested by ':1.126' (uid=1000 pid=14593 comm="/usr/bin/gnome-terminal.real " label="unconfined")
Dec  5 11:50:08 gerry systemd[6295]: Starting GNOME Terminal Server...
Dec  5 11:50:09 gerry dbus-daemon[6338]: [session uid=1000 pid=6338] Successfully activated service 'org.gnome.Terminal'
Dec  5 11:50:09 gerry systemd[6295]: Started GNOME Terminal Server.
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: message repeated 9 times: [ can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied]
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/home: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: message repeated 7 times: [ can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied]
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: message repeated 3 times: [ can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied]
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry gvfsd-metadata[9177]: g_udev_device_has_property: assertion 'G_UDEV_IS_DEVICE (device)' failed
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:22 gerry thunar[9170]: message repeated 6 times: [ can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied]
Dec  5 11:51:31 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:33 gerry thunar[9170]: message repeated 91 times: [ can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied]
Dec  5 11:51:52 gerry gedit[14666]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied
Dec  5 11:51:52 gerry thunar[9170]: can't init metadata tree /home/gerry/.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root: open: Permission denied

dkms был установлен, но статус dkms ничего не возвращает.

Вот скриншот программного обеспечения и обновлений: enter image description here

Вот результат lshw -C network:

sudo lshw -C network
  *-network                 
   description: Wireless interface
   product: Wireless 3165
   vendor: Intel Corporation
   physical id: 0
   bus info: pci@0000:03:00.0
   logical name: wlp3s0
   version: 79
   serial: 70:1c:e7:e0:a3:3a
   width: 64 bits
   clock: 33MHz
   capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list ethernet physical wireless
   configuration: broadcast=yes driver=iwlwifi driverversion=5.4.0-52-generic firmware=29.1044073957.0 ip=192.168.1.6 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11
   resources: irq:147 memory:df300000-df301fff
  *-network
   description: Ethernet interface
   product: QCA8171 Gigabit Ethernet
   vendor: Qualcomm Atheros
   physical id: 0
   bus info: pci@0000:04:00.0
   logical name: enp4s0
   version: 10
   serial: 14:b3:1f:07:9f:ef
   size: 1Gbit/s
   capacity: 1Gbit/s
   width: 64 bits
   clock: 33MHz
   capabilities: pm pciexpress msi msix bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd 1000bt-fd autonegotiation
   configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=alx duplex=full ip=192.168.1.5 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes port=twisted pair speed=1Gbit/s
   resources: irq:19 memory:df200000-df23ffff ioport:d000(size=128)

здесь

0
задан 5 December 2020 в 23:24

0 ответов

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