Restoring data from badly damaged HDD [duplicate]

There is a message in Disks: DISK IS LIKELY TO FAIL SOON

I have no idea what happed to this HDD.

I tried to make an image of the damaged partition using Disks but after coping 15GB of the partition I already had 2GB of reading errors! And copy time increased to 2 weeks.

When I am trying to copy with dd then:

sudo dd if=/dev/sdb2 conv=sync,noerror bs=64K status=progress | gzip -c > /media/zentala/Biblioteka/lenovo2tb.image.gz
5177344 bytes (5,2 MB, 4,9 MiB) copied, 3 s, 1,5 MB/s
dd: error reading '/dev/sdb2': Input/output error
78+1 records in
79+0 records out
5177344 bytes (5,2 MB, 4,9 MiB) copied, 6,51588 s, 795 kB/s
5177344 bytes (5,2 MB, 4,9 MiB) copied, 7 s, 795 kB/s
dd: error reading '/dev/sdb2': Input/output error
78+1 records in
79+0 records out
5177344 bytes (5,2 MB, 4,9 MiB) copied, 9,62374 s, 538 kB/s
5177344 bytes (5,2 MB, 4,9 MiB) copied, 10 s, 538 kB/s
dd: error reading '/dev/sdb2': Input/output error
78+1 records in
79+0 records out
............................

The question is: is there any option on how to retrieve data from this drive...? And what happened to it?

Logs from smartctl bellow.

$ sudo smartctl -x /dev/sdb
smartctl 6.6 2016-05-31 r4324 [x86_64-linux-5.4.0-54-generic] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-16, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model:     WDC WD20SPZX-00UA7T0
Serial Number:    WD-WX61E28EYKTV
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 65e257702
Firmware Version: 01.01A01
User Capacity:    2 000 398 934 016 bytes [2,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    5400 rpm
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
Device is:        Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is:   ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 5
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Sat Nov 21 15:20:43 2020 CET
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled
AAM feature is:   Unavailable
APM level is:     254 (maximum performance)
Rd look-ahead is: Enabled
Write cache is:   Enabled
ATA Security is:  Disabled, frozen [SEC2]
Wt Cache Reorder: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!
Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.
See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00) Offline data collection activity
                    was never started.
                    Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                    without error or no self-test has ever 
                    been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:        (10920) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:            (0x71) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                    No Auto Offline data collection support.
                    Suspend Offline collection upon new
                    command.
                    No Offline surface scan supported.
                    Self-test supported.
                    Conveyance Self-test supported.
                    Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                    power-saving mode.
                    Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                    General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:    (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:    ( 238) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:    (   3) minutes.
SCT capabilities:          (0x3035) SCT Status supported.
                    SCT Feature Control supported.
                    SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAGS    VALUE WORST THRESH FAIL RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     POSR-K   029   029   051    NOW  8757
  3 Spin_Up_Time            POS--K   223   217   021    -    1833
  4 Start_Stop_Count        -O--CK   096   096   000    -    4391
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   PO--CK   197   197   140    -    8752
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         -OSR-K   200   199   000    -    0
  9 Power_On_Hours          -O--CK   095   095   000    -    3872
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        -O--CK   100   100   000    -    0
 11 Calibration_Retry_Count -O--CK   100   100   000    -    0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       -O--CK   099   099   000    -    1001
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count -O--CK   200   200   000    -    136
193 Load_Cycle_Count        -O--CK   197   197   000    -    10601
194 Temperature_Celsius     -O---K   110   088   000    -    37
196 Reallocated_Event_Count -O--CK   016   016   000    -    184
197 Current_Pending_Sector  -O--CK   194   194   000    -    1955
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   ----CK   100   253   000    -    0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    -O--CK   200   200   000    -    0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   ---R--   100   253   000    -    0
                            ||||||_ K auto-keep
                            |||||__ C event count
                            ||||___ R error rate
                            |||____ S speed/performance
                            ||_____ O updated online
                            |______ P prefailure warning

General Purpose Log Directory Version 1
SMART           Log Directory Version 1 [multi-sector log support]
Address    Access  R/W   Size  Description
0x00       GPL,SL  R/O      1  Log Directory
0x01           SL  R/O      1  Summary SMART error log
0x02           SL  R/O      5  Comprehensive SMART error log
0x03       GPL     R/O      6  Ext. Comprehensive SMART error log
0x06           SL  R/O      1  SMART self-test log
0x07       GPL     R/O      1  Extended self-test log
0x09           SL  R/W      1  Selective self-test log
0x10       GPL     R/O      1  SATA NCQ Queued Error log
0x11       GPL     R/O      1  SATA Phy Event Counters log
0x24       GPL     R/O    288  Current Device Internal Status Data log
0x30       GPL,SL  R/O      9  IDENTIFY DEVICE data log
0x80-0x9f  GPL,SL  R/W     16  Host vendor specific log
0xa0-0xa7  GPL,SL  VS      16  Device vendor specific log
0xa8-0xb6  GPL,SL  VS       1  Device vendor specific log
0xb7       GPL,SL  VS      76  Device vendor specific log
0xb9       GPL,SL  VS       4  Device vendor specific log
0xbd       GPL,SL  VS       1  Device vendor specific log
0xc0       GPL,SL  VS       1  Device vendor specific log
0xc1       GPL     VS      93  Device vendor specific log
0xe0       GPL,SL  R/W      1  SCT Command/Status
0xe1       GPL,SL  R/W      1  SCT Data Transfer

SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log Version: 1 (6 sectors)
Device Error Count: 8121 (device log contains only the most recent 24 errors)
    CR     = Command Register
    FEATR  = Features Register
    COUNT  = Count (was: Sector Count) Register
    LBA_48 = Upper bytes of LBA High/Mid/Low Registers ]  ATA-8
    LH     = LBA High (was: Cylinder High) Register    ]   LBA
    LM     = LBA Mid (was: Cylinder Low) Register      ] Register
    LL     = LBA Low (was: Sector Number) Register     ]
    DV     = Device (was: Device/Head) Register
    DC     = Device Control Register
    ER     = Error register
    ST     = Status register
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 8121 [8] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 78 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c37800 = 29587456

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 78 00 e1 08     03:09:43.161  READ DMA
  e5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08     03:09:43.147  CHECK POWER MODE
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:43.144  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:43.144  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:43.024  IDENTIFY DEVICE

Error 8120 [7] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 70 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c37000 = 29585408

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 70 00 e1 08     03:09:40.032  READ DMA
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:40.012  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:40.012  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:39.887  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 68 00 e1 08     03:09:37.196  READ DMA

Error 8119 [6] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 68 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c36800 = 29583360

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 68 00 e1 08     03:09:37.196  READ DMA
  e5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08     03:09:37.187  CHECK POWER MODE
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:37.182  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:37.182  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:37.058  IDENTIFY DEVICE

Error 8118 [5] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 60 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c36000 = 29581312

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 60 00 e1 08     03:09:34.060  READ DMA
  e5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08     03:09:34.048  CHECK POWER MODE
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:34.046  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:34.046  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:33.917  IDENTIFY DEVICE

Error 8117 [4] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 58 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c35800 = 29579264

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 58 00 e1 08     03:09:30.947  READ DMA
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:30.933  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:30.933  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:30.813  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 50 00 e1 08     03:09:28.140  READ DMA

Error 8116 [3] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 50 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c35000 = 29577216

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 50 00 e1 08     03:09:28.140  READ DMA
  e5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08     03:09:28.126  CHECK POWER MODE
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:28.124  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:28.124  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:27.983  IDENTIFY DEVICE

Error 8115 [2] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 48 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c34800 = 29575168

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 48 00 e1 08     03:09:25.312  READ DMA
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:25.293  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:25.292  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:25.166  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 40 00 e1 08     03:09:22.481  READ DMA

Error 8114 [1] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 3872 hours (161 days + 8 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER -- ST COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC
  -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --
  40 -- 51 00 08 00 00 01 c3 40 00 e1 00  Error: UNC 8 sectors at LBA = 0x01c34000 = 29573120

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FEATR COUNT  LBA_48  LH LM LL DV DC  Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --  ---------------  --------------------
  c8 00 00 00 08 00 00 01 c3 40 00 e1 08     03:09:22.481  READ DMA
  e5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08     03:09:22.468  CHECK POWER MODE
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:22.465  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 00 03 00 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:22.465  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 a0 08     03:09:22.341  IDENTIFY DEVICE

SMART Extended Self-test Log Version: 1 (1 sectors)
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Aborted by host               70%      1499         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

SCT Status Version:                  3
SCT Version (vendor specific):       258 (0x0102)
SCT Support Level:                   1
Device State:                        Active (0)
Current Temperature:                    37 Celsius
Power Cycle Min/Max Temperature:     23/37 Celsius
Lifetime    Min/Max Temperature:     20/59 Celsius
Under/Over Temperature Limit Count:   0/0
Vendor specific:
01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

SCT Temperature History Version:     2
Temperature Sampling Period:         1 minute
Temperature Logging Interval:        1 minute
Min/Max recommended Temperature:      0/60 Celsius
Min/Max Temperature Limit:           -41/85 Celsius
Temperature History Size (Index):    128 (23)

Index    Estimated Time   Temperature Celsius
  24    2020-11-21 13:13    37  ******************
 ...    ..(  3 skipped).    ..  ******************
  28    2020-11-21 13:17    37  ******************
  29    2020-11-21 13:18    36  *****************
 ...    ..( 33 skipped).    ..  *****************
  63    2020-11-21 13:52    36  *****************
  64    2020-11-21 13:53    35  ****************
 ...    ..( 19 skipped).    ..  ****************
  84    2020-11-21 14:13    35  ****************
  85    2020-11-21 14:14    36  *****************
 ...    ..( 16 skipped).    ..  *****************
 102    2020-11-21 14:31    36  *****************
 103    2020-11-21 14:32    35  ****************
 ...    ..(  3 skipped).    ..  ****************
 107    2020-11-21 14:36    35  ****************
 108    2020-11-21 14:37    36  *****************
 109    2020-11-21 14:38    35  ****************
 110    2020-11-21 14:39    35  ****************
 111    2020-11-21 14:40    35  ****************
 112    2020-11-21 14:41    36  *****************
 ...    ..( 35 skipped).    ..  *****************
  20    2020-11-21 15:17    36  *****************
  21    2020-11-21 15:18    37  ******************
  22    2020-11-21 15:19    37  ******************
  23    2020-11-21 15:20    37  ******************

SCT Error Recovery Control command not supported

Device Statistics (GP/SMART Log 0x04) not supported

SATA Phy Event Counters (GP Log 0x11)
ID      Size     Value  Description
0x0001  2            0  Command failed due to ICRC error
0x0002  2            0  R_ERR response for data FIS
0x0003  2            0  R_ERR response for device-to-host data FIS
0x0004  2            0  R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS
0x0005  2            0  R_ERR response for non-data FIS
0x0006  2            0  R_ERR response for device-to-host non-data FIS
0x0007  2            0  R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS
0x0008  2            0  Device-to-host non-data FIS retries
0x0009  2            2  Transition from drive PhyRdy to drive PhyNRdy
0x000a  2            3  Device-to-host register FISes sent due to a COMRESET
0x000b  2            0  CRC errors within host-to-device FIS
0x000d  2            0  Non-CRC errors within host-to-device FIS
0x000f  2            0  R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS, CRC
0x0012  2            0  R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS, CRC
0x8000  4        11529  Vendor specific

0
задан 21 November 2020 в 17:42

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